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What is dysmenorrhea/premenstrual syndrome?


(PMS; PreMenstrual Syndrome)

top> Treatment information> Acupuncture report > dysmenorrhea

Are you suffering from these symptoms?


"My lower abdomen hurts on the first day of my period."

"I have a headache and can't concentrate."

"I feel like my chest is swollen."

"Before your period,

​Becomes a glutton (sweets, etc.)

“I have terrible acne and rough skin…”

"When your period starts,

I can't stop being irritated.''

"I tend to get anxious"

"It's hard to sleep before your period..."

“My menstrual pain is terrible.

I feel so sick that I can't go to work..."

"I want to sleep all day...zzz" etc.

This symptom isdysmenorrhea”,

Dysmenorrhea occurs more frequently in younger women, with 43.1% of women under the age of 25 suffering from dysmenorrhea.

​70% of women suffer from premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

*Menstrual pain Results of a survey on the health of working women.Report of the committee that considers the bodies and minds of working women. From Women's Labor Association Foundation 2004; 21-22


What is dysmenorrhea?

What is dysmenorrhea?

A condition in which pain occurs in the uterus during menstruation.

From just before the start of menstruation to the 1st or 2nd day of menstruation

Symptoms occur and subside after 2-3 days.

●Characteristics of pain:

I also feel a dull, continuous pain.

● Nature of pain:

Usually sharp pain.

spasmodic, pulsatile,

The main symptoms are lower abdominal pain and headache, irritability,


It is accompanied by nausea.

​Loss of appetite, depression, weakness, etc.

​ *Others: Constipation or diarrhea, frequent urination,

Pain so severe that it interferes with daily life

It is said that many women are worried about this.

●Dysmenorrhea is classified into two types!


●Functional dysmenorrhea

●Dysmenorrhea with symptoms and no underlying disease

●On the 1st or 2nd day from just before the start of menstruation

If there is a lot of bleeding, the pain will be strong,

Relief after 2-3 days of menstruation.

●Main cause:​Secreted from the endometrium

Due to excessive secretion of prostaglandins

​The uterus contracts strongly, causing pain.

●Mostly seen in adolescent girls.

→ Severe pain that interferes with daily life

They may even miss school or work.

→Diagnosed with ``dysmenorrhea'' during adolescence,

Developing “endometriosis” in the future

The percentage is reported to be 70%.

*From Janssen EB Hum Reprod Update 2013

*Effect of “prostaglandin”

​ - Found in various human tissues and organs

Substances similar to hormones

- Contracts the uterus (smooth muscle).

・Because it is also a vasoconstrictor,

Reduces blood flow to the uterus and weakens the nerves

It also has the effect of making you more sensitive.
・Other immunity, allergies, etc.

​ is also involved.


●Organic dysmenorrhea

●Dysmenorrhea with symptoms caused by a disease

-Continues from 4-5 days before menstruation until after menstruation ends

It is often accompanied by persistent dull pain.

●Main causes of gynecological diseases


uterine adenomyosis

​Uterine fibroids

Uterine malformations etc.


What is premenstrual syndrome?

(premenstrual syndrome)

Mental or

With physical symptoms,

It gets better with the onset of menstruation

It refers to something that disappears.

*From the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, a public interest incorporated association

●Causes of PMS

The exact cause is unknown.

At this stage, it is said that symptoms unique to PMS appear when the progesterone is affected in some way.

●Main symptoms of PMS

​It is said that there are over 200 types of symptoms.

Some of them are introduced below​.

*Mental symptoms

…Symptoms more common in PMS compared to dysmenorrhea

[Emotionally unstable, irritable, angry,

Depression, loss of concentration, etc.]

*Physical symptoms

[Breast tension and pain, increased appetite, acne,

Sleep disorders (daytime sleepiness, insomnia, difficulty falling asleep)]

[Constipation, diarrhea, bloating, lower back pain,

Headache, dizziness, light-headedness, etc.]

*If your mental state is particularly strong,

premenstrual dysphoric disorder

(premenstrual dysphoric disorder: PMDD)

It's called.

If you are worried about menstrual symptoms,

Please feel free to contact our hospital.

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